Aim of the Emergency Measures Organization Plan
The plan of the Municipality of the District of St. Mary's has been prepared as a guide for all personnel responsible for the direction and co-ordination of the Emergency Services in the event of a Municipal emergency.
A natural or man-made emergency can occur at any time. Natural causes that might result in emergencies include forest fire, river flooding, blizzard, or windstorm. Emergencies resulting from man-made causes include airplane disaster, pollution, toxic gas/chemical spill, serious auto accident, fire, utility failure, structural collapse (building/bridge).
The purpose of this plan is to lay down a plan of action for the efficient employment of all services required in order that the following be attained:
- The quickest response possible
- The control facility be set up at the scene and/or elsewhere depending on the nature of the emergency
- Crowd control imposed so that future damage will not result
- Rescue of threatened persons with minimum delay
- Immediate action taken to eliminate sources of potential danger in the area of the accident
- Evacuation of hazardous locations
- Restoration of normal services as quickly as possible
- Supply of factual information at the earliest possible time to officials, news media, and concerned individuals seeking personal data.
Objectives of Emergency Management
In establishing and maintaining an Emergency Response Plan (ERP), the Emergency Management Committee (EMC) addresses the following six objectives of emergency management.
Objective 1 – Assess Risks
The objective of assessing risks through the Hazard Identification and Risk Analysis (HIRA) process helps set priorities, suggests protective measures, and ensures the greatest effort is devoted to the greatest need. A central task is to carry-out a vulnerability analysis to identify the vulnerable population that may require priority actions.
In order to determine what Municipal resources are critical to the provision of essential Municipality services, it is necessary to conduct a basic Business Impact Analysis (BIA). In the event a piece of infrastructure required for delivery of critical Municipality services is lost due to an emergency the BIA will provide assistance in determining Municipality response.
Objective 2 - Mitigate Risks
Mitigation measures are designed to prevent or reduce the consequences of emergencies. Measures include building codes, land use management, public education, and insurance incentives. These fall generally under responsibilities of various legislative bodies and public safety agencies. The Emergency Response Plan plays an important role in drawing attention to potential hazards and lobbying for needed change. Disastrous events like floods and weather extremes that cannot be prevented demand efforts at mitigation, response, and recovery.
Objective 3 - Plan for Response
In addition to developing the emergency plans there are several other planning tasks. These are: identification of vulnerable populations, identifying and designating emergency support facilities. Planning for response includes establishing emergency coordination centres, identifying resources, preparing to issue warnings, and planning for evacuation. Primary measures are the development of emergency plans and resource inventories.
Objective 4 - Plan for Recovery
Recovery includes the physical restoration and reconstruction following a disaster. Actions may include the re-introduction of displaced persons, economic impact estimates, counselling, financial assistance programs, temporary housing, and health and safety information.
Objective 5 - Ensure Preparedness
Preparedness actions ensure that individuals and both public and private agencies will be ready to react effectively in an emergency. Primary measures include gathering equipment required to provide site support, individual and collective training, and exercising members of the Emergency Management Committee. Actions are wide-ranging with emphasis on coordination and training.
Objective 6 - Evaluate and Renew the Program
This calls for the Emergency Management Committee to periodically evaluate the entire Emergency Management Program, by measuring the performance of selected actions and the achievement of desired results.
EMO Coordinator – Shawn Mills
(home) (902) 522 2649
(cell) (902) 328 4099